Calluses are composed of the same material as corns. Calluses, however, develop on the ball or heel of the foot. The skin on the sole of the foot is ordinarily about 40 times thicker than the skin anywhere else on the body, but a callus can even be twice as thick. A protective callus layer naturally develops to guard against excessive pressure and chafing as people get older and the padding of fat on the bottom of the foot thins out. If calluses get too big or too hard, they may pull and tear the underlying skin.
Clawfoot and Abnormally High Arches. Clawfoot, or pes cavus, is a deformity of the foot marked by very high arches and very long toes. Clawfoot is a hereditary condition, but it can also occur when muscles in the foot contract or become unbalanced due to nerve or muscle disorders. An overly high arch (hollow foot), in general, can cause problems. Army studies have found that recruits with the highest arches have the most lower-limb injuries and that flat-footed recruits have the least. Contrary to the general impression, the hollow foot is much more common than the flat foot.
Although people believe that foot-binding is a problem limited to Chinese women of the past, it should be noted that fashionable high-heels are designed to constrict the foot by up to an inch. High heels are the major cause of foot problems in women and one study suggests that wearing high-heels may even lead to arthritis of the knee. Fortunately, according to a recent survey, nearly half of working women now wears flats; about one quarter wears pumps less than 2 1/4 inches in height and another quarter wears athletic shoes. Only 3% reported wearing shoes with heels higher than 2 1/4 inches.
Side of your foot pain may be accompanied by abnormal growths of tissue as well. This can occur on any part of the foot that is susceptible to abnormal pressure and agitation. When corns and calluses plague your foot due to over activity, this swells the area and produces pain at the site of damage. Side of Foot Pain
Shoes that are tight fitting will irritate these foot abnormalities leading to loss of function and possible even infections. Abnormal growths and foot deformations place pressure on the side of the foot, and cause it to rub against the side of shoes. This can cause quite intense side of foot pain
The blood must be released to relieve the pressure. Some people will tell you that you can do this yourself with a razor blade or a hot needle, which you poke through the skin. That takes guts; you're probably better off seeing a doctor to take care of it. If you don't take care of it in the first couple of weeks, the nail will probably start to come off, and several weeks later it will ultimately drop off. Not to worry, while this is not a particularly attractive process, it's not painful or unhealthy either.
An ideal way of relieving tired and achy feet is to massage them. The soft movement of the muscle fibers opens up the flow of blood to the region. Massage also brings healing, oxygen-rich blood into the affected foot. Once muscles are relaxed, aggravated nerves can begin to decrease how often they are firing and pain relief results. If nerve endings and muscles are particularly irritated by a certain pair of shoes or an activity, swelling will be present. In that case, it is advised to use ice packs or frozen vegetables to decrease inflammation.
If you had been standing all day or had walked around in high heels, then the foot pain that you might be experiencing could be due to overworked foot muscles.The best home remedy for tired and achy feet is to soak them in warm water. Add a tablespoon of Epsom salt and a few drops of peppermint essential oil. The warm water will help in soothing achy feet muscles and it will relax and rejuvenate you. This is one of the best natural remedies for foot pain and is useful for foot pain that is caused due to fatigue.