Early Islamic Art originated in the seventh century from the region, now called Syria. Islamic Art encompassed the whole shebang of all artists, irrespective of their religion, living on the lands under Muslim Empire. As a result, Islamic Art is a confluence of assorted art cultures. Islamic Art had architecture, calligraphy, painting, and ceramics, as its key forms.
Noisy . Islamic Period, from seventh to tenth century, one of the most prominent art form was calligraphy. This calls for decorating text, including the use of ornamental motifs and embellishments to boost the appeal of walls and curios in palaces, mosques, and homes. Islamic Calligraphy uses proverbs and verses from the Holy Quran, and is therefore, one of the noblest art forms. It mainly employs two symbolic scripts, 'Kufic' and 'Naskh.'
'Glazed Ceramics' (eighth to eighteenth century), such as "Stonepaste Ceramics of Iraq" (ninth century) were the other splendors of the Islamic pottery. 'Lusterware Pottery,' originally from Iraq from the eighth century, and 'Enameled Glass' were several more prominent eighth and ninth century pottery artistic representations, of which 'tin-opacified glazing' like "blue-painted opaque glaze wares of Basra" (eighth century), and 'lusterware' were the two 'revolutionary' techniques discovered. Moreover, the first industrial complex for 'gilded' & 'enameled glass' production started in eighth century only, in Syria.
A feature unique to all Islamic Art forms was covering the creative medium surfaces with complex geometric, vegetal, and complicated floral patterns. The recurrence of the patterns, called 'Arabesque' probably hints at the infinite nature of Allah. Luxury artworks, such as beautiful relief-cut, stained, & mosaic glass, intricate tile work, fine ivory caskets, and metalwork peaked from the Medieval Islamic Era (from tenth to fifteenth century).
Islamic Architecture is probably the most important and the most prolific type of Islamic Art. The "Dome in the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhrah)," in Jerusalem, built in the 691 CE, is perhaps the oldest Muslim building intact rolling around in its original form. Using domes in their buildings may be an integral feature of Islamic Architecture, which was carried through to the nineteenth century western architecture. "The Great Mosque of Cordoba," vacation and "Alhambra Palace," in Granada, exhibit 'Roman-Byzantine' influences. "The Citadel in Cairo," Egypt, "Turkish Bath Houses (Hamams)," "Caravan Inns (Caravanserai)" of Central Asia, and "Tombs" during the entire Middle East, are the key examples of Medieval Islamic Architecture. Intricate tile works and geometric tiling were the prominent architectural popular features of this period. The "Taj Mahal," in India, built-in the seventeenth century by the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan, is the most brilliant example of the Modern Islamic Architecture.
New artistic representations, such as jewelry making, stone carving, painting, textile weaving, and manuscript illumination, gained importance through the Later Islamic Period. Some of the finest Islamic Pile Carpets, especially 'Oriental Rugs' and 'Persian Carpets' were created during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Miniature paintings of people, strictly secular as the name indicated, were found in the courts of "Iran" and "Mughal India." Figurative imagery is not very popular in Islamic Art, as idol worship is banned within the 'Sharia Law' of Islam.
Islamic Literature includes the rich works, for example "The Book of One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights)" (tenth to fourteenth century), a selection of tales by Persian Queen Scheherazade; "Ferdowsi's Shahnameh," an Iranian Epic based on Persian History, and "Amir Arsalan," Persian mythological story. "Layla and Majnun" (seventh century), Arabic & Persian Poetry, is the probable influence in order to obtain 'Romeo & Juliet' later. Ibn Tufail's (Abubacer) "Hayy ibn Yaqdhan (Philosophus Autodidactus)," which inspired Daniel Defoe to create 'Robinson Crusoe' and Rudyard Kipling to write 'The Jungle Book,' introduced the concept of philosophical novels to the world, while Ibn al-Nafis' "Theologus Autodidactus" will be the first science fiction novel. Islamic Eschatology, the "Hadith" as well as the "Kitab al-Miraj," inspired Dante Alighieri's 'Divine Comedy,' Peele's 'The Battle of Alcazar,' and Shakespeare's 'The Merchant of Venice,' 'Titus Andronicus,' & 'Othello.' Moreover, Islamic, Persian, and Arabic music, Puppet theatre, and fervour plays called 'ta'ziya' is also another splendid Islamic Art forms.