RFID Electronic Tags
Shenzhen A.N.G Technology Co.Ltd. is often a collection research and development, production, sales inside the intergration of RFID high-tech innovative company. You will find there's rich experience, strong technical ability of development and research, production and management team. Concurrently, the French RFIDtechnology have been cooperated along with us for many years. We can keep leading technology within the international market competition by integrating internal and external resources, to provide our customers with specialized product design, development, manufacture and personalized service.
The economy might be analyzed using both market-driven and production-driven methods to industry classification. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) works on the market-driven approach; the older Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) runs on the production-driven approach.
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Under a market-driven approach, the economy comprises goods-producing and service-providing industries. Goods-producing industries include: natural resources and mining, construction, and manufacturing; service-providing industries include: wholesale and retail trade, transportation (and warehousing), utilities, information, financial activities, professional and business services, education and health services, leisure and hospitality, and public administration.
With a production-driven approach, the economy comprises product-driven and service-driven industries. Product-driven industries comprise enterprises that manage inventories available for sale as primary activities (whether or not they transform them or not). Under this approach, the retail, wholesale, and food service industries are product-driven. (The kitchens of food providers are equivalent to factories.) Product-driven enterprises may have extensive cost accounting and operations practices for inventory management.
Industry classifications does apply to an enterprise in general (the primary industry), and the establishments there, which may be in differing secondary industries. Establishments are facilities which include plants (factories and warehouses) and branches (retail and wholesale outlets).
By way of example, the hospitality marketplace is service-driven; under the production-driven approach, the bar and restaurant establishments in a hotel are product-driven. The entertainment industry is service-driven; under the production-driven approach, the retail and bar establishments in just a theater are product-driven. Medical care industry is service-driven; within the production-driven approach, the retail pharmacy establishment in a hospital is product-driven. Within the market-driven approach, all of these establishments are service-providing.
For instance, a manufacturing enterprise is goods-producing within market-driven approach, and product-driven within production-driven approach. If it also operates a retail delivery system, the shops are service-providers under a market-driven approach, and therefore are product-driven under a production-driven approach. If all sales revenue is sourced looking at the own products, the enterprise is within two primary industries. However, if instructed to decide, its selection must be based upon core competencies - activities which it performs well. The enterprise might be divided into two separate sections: manufacturing and merchandising. The merchandising unit can be an internal customer from the manufacturing unit. However, determined by strategy and policy, the manufacturer could sell products to wholesalers and also other retailers, and the merchandising unit could buy products from other manufacturers and wholesalers. With a market-driven approach, the manufacturing facility is goods-producing and the merchandising unit is service-providing, whereas beneath the production-driven approach, the merchandising unit is product-driven.
The make-up with the economy changes overtime as newer industries emerge and turn and older industries mature and decline. For instance, the manufacturing market is shifting from vertically integrated to strategically outsourced. Strategic outsourcers may manufacture specialized components and assemble finished products. However, by outsourcing the manufacturing of utility components to specialty scale manufacturers, strategic outsourcers can lower their production costs.
Biotechnology and nanotechnology are emerging industries. The info industries are growing as technology gets more ubiquitous, and as knowledge is packaged in e-books. Knowledge is information that has been learned and retained. Later on, knowledge will be retained extensively in electronic form.
The term "product" is associated with something which is tangible - the resulting inventory from agricultural, mining and drilling, construction, and manufacturing activities. Outputs may be end-products, or components which might be assembled into end-products in downstream processes inside the enterprise or in its customers.
The definition of "service" is associated with something that is intangible - capabilities either delivered with the point or use of sale, or shortly thereafter, or as being a supporting service. Supporting services are available at the time of sale for downstream use, or later, and consist of such items as warranties beyond those bundled with the product, preventive maintenance, and routine cleaning and repairs.
Features and functions of products are easier to discern compared to those of services, which can be event or activity driven, and could occur in the future.
The definition of "time of sale" means whenever a contractual or non-contractual agreement between a buyer and a seller is made, and does not necessarily mean when revenue is recognized and earned. Revenue is recognized and earned in line with the accounting principles that suit the service offering, which may be over a period of time.
A commodity is a product or service that's indistinguishable and interchangeable with another the exact same type because there is virtually no value added. Many commodities are natural, such as produce, minerals, oil, and gas. Services might be commoditized too. The distinguishing factors of your commodity provider include convenience, service quality, and price.
Product-driven enterprises provide delivery and supporting services. Delivery services include arranging for transportation, dealer preparation, training, and gift wrapping. Supporting services include cleaning, repairs, and maintenance. To keep competitive over time, enterprises ought to add services using their product offerings that exceed customer expectations. However, if customers require such services, chances are they'll must become part of the basic offerings. For example, bathroom facilities and color TV are incorporated into modern hotel rooms, however the primary purpose is providing a place to sleep.
Although services are intangible, their effects are certainly not. Transportation services move people, cleaning services remove dirt and stains, and repair services restore items to working order. Services require facilities, equipment, and supplies which are bundled in. When items are bundled in, the enterprise pays sales or use tax, if applicable; when goods are sold with services, the customer usually pays sales or use tax, if applicable.
Service-driven enterprises can establish tangible deliverables. For example, dry cleaners produce and also pressed clothes; professional service firms, like architects, accountants, attorneys, and consultants produce reports; and engineers produce design drawings that can be transformed into facilities, equipment, or any other tangible products.
It and movie industries employ technologies that can capture sound photos. Starting in laboratories, these industries transform science into art. Hence, live entertainment performances (services) could be transformed into recorded products. As a result, an event or activity may be reproduced, duplicated, distributed, and repeated towards the public-at-large indefinitely. Digital products are impacting traditional manufacturing, distribution, and consumer buying behaviors, and placing intermediaries at an increased risk.
Process control and data technologies have enabled seamless integration between designers and manufacturers. The "design-to-construction" process becomes ubiquitous as computer-aided design and manufacturing technologies (CAD/CAM) enable an artist in one location to transmit specifications to manufacturers in other business owners. The designs are virtual, and lead to instructions that control manufacturing equipment in local and remote locations. As a consequence, manufacturing can be outsourced strategically for any manufacturer that can accept electronic designs anywhere without notice. Because the process is seamless, the precision is higher.
As more enterprises adopt the design-to-construction model, dramatic changes will appear in the structure of industries. By way of example, in the publishing industry, books could be printed on demand from electronic files upon receipt of orders placed over the internet, eliminating the need for physical inventory available for sale at printers, publishers, and bookstores. The electronic files represent an on-line finished goods inventory from which physical products can be produced when necessary. As a consequence, inventory carrying pricing is lower.
Both product-driven and service-driven industries render service from centers that receive inbound make outbound service and telemarketing calls. Live answering services company activities can be outsourced in a similar way to manufacturing.
The idea of strategic outsourcing can be applied to almost every function in a enterprise provided intellectual property is protected. However, although management consultants works extremely well in the development of strategy, the ultimate responsibility for planning, deployment, execution, and gratification remains in-house with the governance function.
Products and/or services...
The phrase "products and/or services" describes collectively all types of products and services.
Service-driven industries are evolving into providers of both "product-oriented" and "service-oriented" services. In order to differentiate product-oriented services from your delivery and supporting services, the word "service-oriented" products provides more clarity. Service-oriented products should be definable, duplicable, and repeatable. They are intangible outputs of processes that are represented by tangible items, packaged in a definable form. Technology plays an important role in the delivery through hardware, software, and both voice and knowledge telecommunications. "Hard" products are tangible and "soft" items are intangible.
For example, traditional land line services were offerings with few differentiating features, primarily within the style of equipment. As the telephone system migrated from electro-mechanical to electronic, the offerings were turned into service-oriented products with features for example call forwarding, caller identification, call waiting, and voice mail. Cell phone offerings are service-oriented products with more extensive functions and features than land lines. Cell phone service-oriented products have cameras built-in, and still have delivery and supporting services bundled in such as account information, internet connection, and application software for calculators, calendars, contact information, notes, games, music, pictures and films. Cell phone and computer technologies are converging.
In the financial and business and services industries, service-oriented products are packaged with your items as accounts, agreements, brochures, contracts, databases, documents, equipment, facilities, policies, procedures, and statements.
From the leisure and hospitality industries, service-oriented products like flights, hotel rooms, car rentals, and limousine services are packaged with facilities, equipment, and supplies. Like facilities and equipment define specific offerings. For instance, an Airbus A380 renders an alternative experience from a Douglas DC3 however the principal service is precisely the same: providing air transportation. A hotel room with a view of the ocean renders a different experience from one with no windows at all, even though the principal solutions the same: providing accommodation. The standard of the accoutrements including blankets, pillows, towels, newspapers, cable television, internet access, and fruit baskets can impact the overall experience. A Cadillac renders a different experience from a Chevrolet, even with the principal service is the same: providing a rental car to operate a vehicle, or a limousine.
Travel-related service-providers bundle air, hotel, rental-car, and limousine services into packages to help make the buying decisions easier for consumers. Event planners bundle travel-related services with conference and convention services for enterprises.
Consumables, durables, and facilities...
Manufactured products consist consumables and durables.
Consumables are products change or need replacing as they are used and comprise food, clothing, personal care, health care, household supply, and office supply items. Media including books, records, audio and video CDs, and DVDs are classed as consumables - the intellectual property is worth far more than the press.
Durables are long lasting equipment items for example appliances, furniture, and vehicles.
Digital products may involve no media if they delivered electronically other than the server from the publisher and the computer of the user.
Facilities include the outputs of construction activities and are made of durable materials.
Contractual or non-contractual products and/or services...
Agreements are contractual or non-contractual based based on the type of offering, as well as the nature of the relationship between buyers and sellers.
Consumable products might be sold with the right to go back for exchange or refund inside a certain period of time. Durable products could be sold with agreements that define warranties and maintenance.
Service-oriented products and services can be sold with agreements that specify precisely what is to be delivered and when, with procedures for reporting problems or complaints.
In negotiations, discussions should embrace the specific functions and features of hard and soft products, and the delivery and supporting services. Experienced negotiators take note of both the tangibles and intangibles since the total cost of ownership comprises both.
Digital-construction and digital-manufacturing...
As technology is constantly develop, service-oriented products will become more common because it makes intangible items definable. New knowledge-based industries will emerge.
The reproduction of software on physical media is assessed as goods-producing, and all other development and publishing activities are classified as service-providing under NAICS. However, software as well as other digital products are durable simply because they can last indefinitely, even though they have to be transferred among storage media. Software items are developed by service-providers such as business and services firms, publishers, and "in-house" developers. Nevertheless, software development activities need the project management disciplines of goods-producing industries, like construction and manufacturing, to achieve success.
The "digital-construction" and "digital-manufacturing" industries are evolving: digital construction delivers software; digital manufacturing delivers soft service-oriented, information, and knowledge-based products. However, through CAD/CAM processes, software delivers hard products too. In the foreseeable future, almost all hard and soft products will result from digital-construction and digital-manufacturing processes.
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