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Muscle Strain - Medical Treatments and Alternative Therapies

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A pull is an injury to muscles and perhaps tendons fibrous bands that connect muscles to bones. There are two general groups of muscle strain: acute injury from unanticipated and excessive pressure in which muscle fibers tear, resulting in bleeding, swelling, pain, and loss of strength and functionality; and over-use injury, in which muscles become stretched from chronic stress. In the latter, muscles are sore, but they are not ruptured and there is no loss in strength. Tears will possibly happen as muscles are subjected to unanticipated and extreme tension when cold, fatigued, or poor from disuse. The hamstrings (at the rear of the thigh) are susceptible to such injury. For instance, a torn hamstring may possibly result when an usually sedentary per son plays an intense game of tennis. Groin and straight back muscles are generally affected, although the legs and shoulders are also vulnerable..Muscle Strain

Diagnostic Procedures And Studies

A doctor usually can diagnose a muscle strain by analyzing the area, but may order an X- ray to rule out a fracture or other bone injury. In unusual cases, an MRI will likely be ordered to eliminate a torn ligament. Yet another diagnostic tool is electromyography (EMG), in which needle electrodes are inserted into muscles to quantify reactions electrically. A chronic muscle problem might also be evaluated by means of a specialist in sports medicine or possibly a physiatrist, a doctor who focuses primarily on physical rehabilitation.Frozen Shoulder

Medical Treatments

Self-treatment is satisfactory for most simple strains. However, a doctor ought to be seen if there's no of muscle function. In such cases, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as for example indomethacin may be prescribed to lessen swelling and inflammation and relieve pain. Research indicates that these drugs really should not be taken just after an injury; waiting at the very least one day enables the inflammation to simply help rid the injured area of damaged cells. A muscle relaxant may possibly provide added if spasms are a contributing factor. Injection of cortisone to the injured area may also reduce both the swelling and redness. Surgical repair may be essential in case a tendon has been ruptured or torn.

Alternative Treatments


This therapy may reduce irritation of the pulled muscle, however it's unlikely to be great for a ruptured muscle or tendon.

Alexander Technique

This strategy is of greatest advantage as a preventive measure. A therapist will analyze the person's body motions and provide instruction in correcting any habits that could lead to a personal injury.


These practitioners treat strained muscles in the neck, back, and shoulders by re-aligning and manipulating the spinal column. They may also use diathermy to curl up muscles.

Massage Therapy

Swedish massage and similar therapeutic techniques are favored by many sportsmen, professional dancers, and the others whose muscles are often strained by overuse.


This method of deep, frequently painful exploitation is intended to break down excessive connective tissue that interferes with the appropriate alignment of the body.

Yoga And Meditation

These as well as other relaxation techniques can help relieve muscle soreness due to worry.

Self Treatment

RICE, an acronym for rest, ice, compression, and altitude, could be the preferred self treatment for a pulled muscle. The injury should be rested straight away, and ice packs applied for 10 minutes every half hour during the first day. (To build a soft ice pack, fill a plastic bag with crushed ice or frozen peas or corn.) Compression is executed by wrapping the wounded part in an elastic bandage. Depending on the site of the harm, it truly can be elevated by using a sling, pillow, or other support. At this time, it really is all right to take an anti inflammatory drug containing aspirin or ibuprofen. Tylenol will reduce pain but perhaps not the inflammation. Ointments, liquids, and other rubbing agents for example Sloan's Liniment or Ben Gay may relieve pain by producing a sense of heat and numbness. Nonetheless these preparations are not as effective as anti inflammatory agents in healing a stretched muscle.


Posted Nov 09, 2013 at 12:35am